Counselling theories compare and contrast
In this section we are going to look at three different forms of ‘counselling’ how they compare and how they differ.
The first thing to consider is that all counsellors no matter which model of counselling the practice should offer the core conditions discussed in the section ‘Person Centred Therapy’,
The main difference is that TA and REBT counsellors use additional techniques where Person centred therapists believe that the core conditions are necessary and sufficient for the client to heal themselves.
In the grid below you will see how the therapies compare
|Carl Rogers||Eric Berne||Albert Ellis|
|Humanistic School||Psychodynamic School||Behavioural School|
|Here and now||Presenting past||How we think|
|Counsellor believes the client is an expert on themselves and helps the client gain self acceptance||Counsellor is an ‘expert’ helps the client to realise how childhood experiences effect their life today||Counsellor is an ‘expert’ helps the client to think more rationally about life.|
|Believes that humans can self heal if the core conditions are in place||The basis of the model is Parent, Adult, Child Ego states||The basis of the model is Action ,Belief and Consequence|
necessary and sufficient
|Core conditions Desirable||Core conditions Desirable|
|The relationship between the client and the counsellor is the most important aspect of the therapy succeeding||Counsellor teaches techniques ,homework and uses worksheets to aid the therapy||Counsellor teaches technique,homework and uses worksheets to aid the therapy|
Why not discuss these differences in the counselling Café?